Good morning! It’s Friday, November 17, 2023, and this is The Morning Shift, your daily roundup of the top automotive headlines from around the world, in one place. Here are the important stories you need to know.
1st Gear: Automotive Suppliers Want More Immigration
Lowering levels of immigration are apparently contributing to a labor shortage at automotive suppliers, and it’s putting a squeeze on the industry’s supply base. From Automotive News:
Sandy Stojkovski, North American CEO of German supplier Vitesco Technologies, said the company has had trouble finding enough hourly workers for its factories in the region, an issue she said is common throughout the supply chain. She pinned the problem in part on “very limited legal immigration” into the U.S., which has put a cap on the number of workers available in a tight labor market, especially as the population ages and more workers retire.
Her suggestion: Make it possible for more potential industrial workers to enter the country.
“I really see this as a necessary next step to ensure that we’re able to get the talent in all the different areas we need, legally, in this country,” she said during a panel last week at the Motor and Equipment Manufacturers’ Vehicle Supplier Conference in Novi, Mich.
A tight labor market, rising labor costs, higher raw materials costs and key component shortages have already contributed to a reduction in supplier profit in the post-pandemic era.
The seasonally adjusted civilian labor force participation rate in the U.S. has slipped over the past 16 years, from 66.4 percent in January 2007 to 62.7 percent in October 2023, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. That figure began to decline around the 2007-08 financial crisis, reaching 62.4 percent in September 2015.
The labor force participation rate climbed to 63.3 percent in February 2020 before the COVID pandemic sent the participation rate plummeting as workers were laid off and many older workers chose to retire.
The figure has yet to recover.
The number of new U.S. immigrants has actually risen following the brunt of the pandemic, but the figure is still far below levels seen in the previous decade, Auto News says. About 1.02 million people obtained lawful permanent resident status in the U.S. in 2022, down 16 percent from the 1.19 million people who did it in 2016, according to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
Now, if you combine that with the facts that older workers are retiring and the Gen Z population being smaller than the millennial generation, you get fewer potential workers left to fill jobs at supplier factories.
Because of these factors it’s now more important than ever for suppliers to offer competitive wages and make sure employees are treated well.
2nd Gear: Swedish Unions Turn Up The Heat On Tesla
Dockworkers in Sweden have expanded their protest against Tesla, and they are now preventing the Austin, Texas-based automaker’s cars from being unloaded at all ports in the country. It’s being done in support of Tesla workers who are demanding a collective bargaining agreement.
There isn’t a Tesla manufacturing plant in Sweden, but the four electric models are serviced by about 130 mechanics affiliated with the Swedish union IF Metall. They began their strike on October 27. From Reuters:
Dockworkers joined the strike by mechanics on Nov. 7, blocking Sweden’s four largest ports to Tesla cars. That was expanded to all ports on Friday at 12 a.m. (1100 GMT)
Tesla, which has revolutionized the electric car market, has managed to avoid collective bargaining agreements, which cover wages and conditions, with its roughly 127,000 workers and Musk has been vocal about his opposition to unions.
But if Sweden can break Tesla’s resistance, that could provide a precedent for other countries.
“If they have come to Sweden, they must follow the rules, We have certain norms here and he (Musk) must accept them,” Torbjorn Johansson, Negotiation Secretary at Sweden’s LO labour confederation, said.
“Swedish workers cannot afford to lose this fight.”
Along with dockworkers, unionized cleaners are refusing to clean Tesla buildings, and postal workers have stopped delivering the automaker’s mail. Additionally, electricians stopped service and repair work for Tesla, including at its charging stations across the country.
Action against Tesla is will expand ever further if no agreement is reached. On November 24, about 50 unionized workers at Hydro Extrusions, a subsideary of Norwegian aluminum and energy company Hydro, will stop work on Tesla products.
3rd Gear: UAW Deal Leads To Subaru Wage Raise
Subaru said it will raise wages for its U.S. plant workers following the labor deals between the Big Three automakers and the United Auto Workers union. Think of it as a “please don’t unionize” raise. From Reuters:
The amount of the raises for workers at Subaru’s assembly plant in Lafayette, Indiana, has yet to be determined but will be in line with industry levels after the UAW deals with General Motors, Ford and Chrysler parent Stellantis, Osaki said through an interpreter at the Los Angeles auto show.
The Detroit Three’s union contracts will mean wage increases of 25% through 2028, which will amount to 33% when expected cost-of-living adjustments are factored in.
Subaru is considering increasing benefits along with the pay raises but has not decided whether to do so, a company spokesperson said. The company clarified the CEO’s remarks after initially saying the increased compensation would include benefits.
Recently, Subaru and other non-union automakers in the U.S. have been under a good deal of pressure to up pay and benefits following the UAW’s deal with the Big Three. Wages have been raised by Toyota, Honda and Hyundai/Kia.
U.S. President Joe Biden, who has backed UAW efforts to negotiate higher pay for its members, has said all U.S. auto workers deserve the same deal as those the UAW negotiated with the Detroit automakers.
UAW President Shawn Fain has reportedly vowed that the UAW will “aggressively organize” at non-union U.S. auto plats like Tesla and other foreign automakers, something the union has had trouble with in the past.
4th Gear: Geely Sells Part Of Its Stake In Volvo
Chinese automaker Geely has sold a $350 million stake in Swedish automaker Volvo because of investor concerns about the company’s publicly available shares. From Bloomberg:
Geely, which owns a web of automotive interests in Europe, offered approximately 100 million shares in the company at 37 kronor ($3.49) apiece, according to a statement.
The sale follows complaints over the company’s small free float, which has put pressure on the stock and fueled high trading volatility. The offer price is 9.4% below Thursday’s close and a 30% discount to Volvo Car’s trading debut in Stockholm two years ago.
The timing of the placement “might surprise a bit with Volvo Car share price close to the historical lows,” Oddo BHF analysts said in a note.
Volvo Car declined as much as 14%, to 35.25 kronor. The stock is down around a quarter this year.
Geely owns stakes in a handful of European automakers, including Lotus, Aston Martin and Mercedes-Benz. It has owned Volvo since 2010 when it bought the automaker from Ford. It also has a number of premium EV brands like Zeekr, Polestar and Lynk and Co.
Volvo Car is among EV makers in Europe fighting over market share amid intensifying competition from Tesla Inc. and Chinese brands pushing into the region. The manufacturer has vowed to cut costs
The placement is equivalent to 3.4% of Volvo Car’s issued share capital and 4.1% of Geely’s holding, and further broadens the shareholder base, the Chinese investor said. The shares sold represent just over a fifth of float.
Volvo’s CEO said the move by Geely will benefit both “new and existing” investors, and Geely will continue to support the automaker.